今天Fanessay分享一篇assignment范文--The impact of e-commerce on international trade，本文论述了电子商务对国际贸易的影响。电子商务的快速发展极大地促进了经济贸易的国际化，同时也给国际贸易带来了许多机遇和挑战。电子商务有利于提高国际贸易效率，改变了外贸企业的管理模式和政府监管方式。然而，电子商务也会造成大量的税收损失，给国际贸易的发展带来了负面影响。
With the rapid development of e-commerce, it greatly promotes the internationalization of economic and trade, and brings a lot of opportunities and challenges to international trade. E-commerce helps to improve the efficiency of international trade, and changes the management mode and government supervision mode of foreign trade enterprises. At the same time, e-commerce has also caused a large number of tax losses for the development of international trade has brought negative impact. This paper mainly analyzes the impact of e-commerce development on international trade, and puts forward some countermeasures for the use of e-commerce in the process of international economic trade based on China's actual situation.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, e-commerce has developed at an amazing speed, and traditional international trade has been affected by it, bringing unprecedented challenges. Although China's e-commerce started late, but the momentum of rapid development. In 2014, the transaction volume of China's online shopping mall Tmall exceeded 57.1 billion yuan on November 11, a total of 22.1 billion more than last year's 35 billion, among which the mobile transaction volume reached 24.3 billion yuan and the logistics order 278 million, covering 217 countries and regions. Thus, a new online retail transaction record was born. At present, the amount of online shopping has made great success, but also greatly promoted the development of the logistics industry, however, e-commerce is also a double-edged sword, therefore, we must to use them on the basis of fully research, in order to better promote the development of China's economic and trade.
On the concept of it, electronic commerce is usually refers to the wide range of commercial trade activities around the world, in the Internet open network environment, based on browser/server applications, buyers and sellers not met for various business activities, realize consumer online shopping, online transactions between merchants and online electronic payment and various business activities, trading activities, financial activities and related comprehensive service activities of a new type of commercial operation mode. And international electronic commerce, say simply is the international trade activity that the enterprise is engaged in through all sorts of means that use electronic commerce to operate, it is the electron that reflects contemporary information technology brings about international trade process. The combination of e-commerce and international trade constitutes e-international trade. It is mainly based on electronic information technology and the international Internet and engaged in international trade activities.
From the characteristics of e-commerce, today's international Internet has been almost all over the world. In more than 190 countries and regions around the world, hundreds of millions of users are often online. E-commerce is built on such a huge network platform. It enables ordinary businesses to sell their goods and services across the country at a relatively low cost through Internet websites, successfully tapping into a global target market. And the traditional business has been unable to get rid of the operating time, regional jet lag and geographical distance restrictions. Modern businesses, on the other hand, require them to be open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. In addition, the application of electronic technology simplifies the trade process, and brings advantages to the development of China's international trade, such as significantly reducing the cost of international trade and significantly improving the transaction efficiency.
E-commerce is to conduct business activities directly through the network and reduce intermediate links. Therefore, compared with traditional international trade that requires a large number of intermediaries, e-commerce greatly reduces the transaction cost of international trade.
Under the policy background of encouraging enterprises to "go out", e-commerce provides new ways for foreign trade enterprises to expand overseas markets, which will inevitably fundamentally improve Chinese enterprises' ability to adapt to the world market, thus enhancing their international competitiveness and further creating favorable conditions for domestic enterprises to expand overseas markets.
As a global network means, the Internet has eliminated the boundary of region and time. There are no restrictions on religious beliefs or racial discrimination in online transactions, and even the size and economic power of a company are less important and play a positive role in reducing visible and invisible barriers to international trade.
Only based on the network can e-commerce be realized, and the security of the network is a key issue of e-commerce. To avoid hackers' attacks on international e-commerce and the theft of information, the transaction risk of e-commerce is minimized.
In the international trade of e-commerce, efficient and rapid delivery of goods to buyers is the key factor to determine the competitiveness of e-commerce. With the development and progress of network technology, information flow, capital flow and logistics can be completed with a simple click. However, e-commerce challenges every aspect of the spatial displacement of logistics data, that is, specific transportation, storage, loading and unloading, storage, etc.
First of all, we should improve the supporting facilities of network construction, speed up the construction of informatization in China, and form an effective network guarantee system to ensure the security of e-commerce transactions. Second, increasing the use of electronic codes. At present, digital certificate and asymmetric key password are used to regulate the security of e-commerce transactions. Finally, we should strengthen the awareness of network risk of international trade participants, and avoid unnecessary losses to ourselves caused by improper operation or lack of network risk awareness.
Strengthen international cooperation, with the international market, to adapt to the globalization of economic development situation, to carry out the cooperation with international organizations, transnational e-commerce tariff problems, tax jurisdiction, arbitration, sets up the problems, such as the standard to carry out bilateral or multilateral consultations and actively participate in the formulation of international standards and rules, maintain their own legitimate rights and interests of the products in the international e-commerce activities.
In order to further perfect our country's laws and regulations, taxes, such as construction, execution effectively electronic commerce norm, perfect the electronic commerce legislation, improve the tariff, patents, Copyrights, payment and consumers' rights and interests of the laws and regulations, establish as soon as possible to adapt to the international e-commerce tax system, strengthening the construction of electronic commerce service system, set up specialized agencies responsible for the popularization of China's e-commerce laws and regulations and provide service for different types of international e-commerce enterprises.