今天Fanessay整理了一篇assignment范文--The novel of the water of the township，本篇文章讲述的内容是关于小说《水之乡》方面的，可以供大家了解下。对于《水之乡》这部小说，是英国小说家格雷厄姆·斯威夫特所创作的，是一部现代主义小说。小说是以汤姆克里克的口吻去讲述一个中年的历史老师与家族的复杂故事。在汤姆的故事中，人的思想与生活都会受到过去的影响，家族的历史和英国风格一样，充满着未知。汤姆尝试通过讲述去重新定义过去，发觉历史的意义与目的。
"Water country" by graham swift, a British novelist, tells the complicated story of a middle-aged history teacher in the voice of Tom crick. The story comes at a time when Tom faces a life test: he is about to be fired from his school and his wife is sent to a mental hospital. What saddens him more is that his students strongly question the importance of history, so Tom chooses to tell the story of finns. The finns story is also about Tom and his family, which forms the bulk of the novel. By telling it, Tom tries to redefine the past and discover the meaning and purpose of history.
In Tom's story, British identity runs through, and is extremely fluid and unstable. "The expression of English style is realized in the identification of tracing English culture, which is the main characteristic of distinguishing colonizer from radical colonizer. Such identity markers, however, are precarious because they rely on mediation from other factors: nostalgia for national connotations, based on the temporary division of time, at the loss of the present moment of the past." The word "retroactive" suggests to us that the "past" should be taken into account when it comes to British style. "" instability" "also shows the instability characteristic of the British style. Therefore, by analyzing Tom's own stories and the fens stories, this paper aims to explore the importance of the past and the instability of British style.
The series of stories in "water country" are Tom's attempts to redefine his past and family history in order to explore the nature and value of history. Dick's suicide, Mary's mental breakdown, and even Tom's life all show the importance of tracing the past.
Faced with bored students and the prospect of being fired, Tom chose to drop his textbook and tell the class about finns. This was done because Tom wanted to tell his own England through his own story, away from the history books. He wanted to escape the present, to find out what he wanted to know in the past. He was talking about major events in history, such as the first and second world wars and land reclamation. In the telling, the past and the present are intertwined. But he ended up failing, "" what history tells us is to avoid fantasy and fiction" "and" "he has reached the limits of what he can explain." " At the end of the novel, Tom and price go to the bar for drinks, discussing history and teaching together.
Although Tom failed, the importance of the past was discovered. It was in the past that we learned specific information about Tom and his family, and preliminarily discovered the causes of Tom's current plight, dick's suicide, Mary's madness, etc. More importantly, through these past stories, Tom constructs a new British identity for the reader. We see that the past of the finns is closely related to the development of England. From this past, we can learn more about the past and the history of England. At the end of the novel, Tom continues to talk about history with price, a move that shows the importance of the past, which will never disappear from the present.
Dick is Henry crick's eldest son, and Tom doesn't reveal it to us until the end of the novel. He is a strong man and likes machinery, but he is not as clever as Tom. "" dick can't read, can't write. He's not even good at saying complete sentences." Dick ended up committing suicide because he couldn't stand his past: as a young man, he killed Freddie. The reason was that Mary told dick she was pregnant and the baby's father was Freddie. Out of jealousy, dick hit Freddie on the head with a beer bottle when he was drunk and pushed him into the river. Later, to escape punishment, dick dropped the bottle and fled the scene. Because Freddie could not swim and was drunk, it was believed that he had accidentally fallen into the river and drowned.
But Tom soon found the beer bottle. "Something in the river caught my eye" was "a bottle." He picked up the bottle, read the letters, and linked Freddie's death to dick. To find out, Tom put the bottle in dick's room. Dick didn't say anything when he saw the bottle and locked it up. Generally, the bottle was evidence of dick's crime, and instead of destroying it, he locked it up. In a way, this bottle represents dick's past. Dick's attitude to the bottle hints at his deep concern for his past.
Beyond that, the importance of the past on dick was reflected in his final suicide. After reading the letter in his grandfather's trunk, dick learned that he was the product of a father's incest: "you and your mother have the same father." Overwhelmed by desperation and chaos, dick rode his motorcycle through the fence and jumped into the river. Without that past, dick might have lived a normal life. Or he can ignore that past, because despite his status, Henry is as good to him as ever. Dick, however, values the past to the point where he can no longer survive. At this time, dick, as a representative of the author in the novel, through his own death, shows the importance of the past.
At the beginning of the novel, Tom's wife appears to readers and other characters through an unusual scene: "the teacher's wife admits to stealing a baby. Tell the court: / god made me do it ". The reader may wonder why Mrs Crick admitted stealing the child. What kind of woman is she?
A close reading of the novel reveals that Mary is Tom crick's wife and they have been in love since they were young. Mary became pregnant after Freddie's death. But Tom wasn't sure if the child was his own or dick's. Besides, Mary's father was angry about her pregnancy. So they went to Martha krayt, a witch, and had a brutal abortion for Mary. Mary was infertile after the abortion and would never have a child of her own. At the same time, other things in life seem to be going better and better. Mary and Tom married and lived a comfortable middle-class life.
In her later years, however, Mary became more and more religious, believing that god would give her a child, even at the age of 55. She was later sent to a mental hospital for stealing babies. When Tom visited Mary to leave, he said, "she is not sorry for my leaving. She is sorry for her children." As she looked at the children on the playground, "her eyes were bright, blinking. Her arms are outstretched ". Mary has lost her mind, but she still remembers her past. She wanted her children because she had lost one when she was young and could never have another. Mary's tragic past has seriously affected her present and even manipulated her present behavior. This phenomenon shows the important role played by Mary in her mind.
From the above discussion, we can see that the author focuses on what happened in the past. It used to show what was going on. So what trime is talking about is going to be the interpretation of the novel, the interpretation of the basic attitude of the English style. In addition, another feature mentioned by trimm, the instability of British style or British identity, will be discussed below.
In fiction, the reader can only learn about English style in one way - Tom's telling. Since the narrative is subjective, it is difficult for the British style based on the story to be stable. The way the novel is narrated, and the uncertainty of various factors, together reflect the instability of British identity, which, in trim's words, is the instability of British style.
This novel is about history, but it is written in a completely different way. First of all, in this novel, time is fragmented. The author proposes a topic in the title of each chapter, and the next chapter will revolve around this topic. No two adjacent sections are connected in chronological or logical order. Although readers can explore the internal logic between different chapters when reading, overall, the stability of time is destroyed and time becomes unreliable.
Secondly, the narrative structure of the novel is also fragmented. The story begins on the day Freddie's body was found, but what follows is not just what happened after the body was found, but something about Tom, who is now facing a personal crisis. In the next chapter, Tom tells the story of his father's and mother's ancestors, and the history of the finns. The next chapter goes on with the discovery of Freddie's body. The whole novel is filled with fragments of such stories, which constitute an incomplete and unstable situation.
Third, the story's tense changes frequently. Tom used the present tense when he told about what was happening. But sometimes he still USES the present tense when talking about what happened before. Tom, for example, USES the present tense when describing Freddie's death, Mary's abortion and Mary holding the baby in her arms. Such a narrative breaks the boundary between the past and the present, introduces a sense of uncertainty, and also draws out the British style expressed in the novel.
Uncertainty is a feature of the novel. The hero of the novel is uncertain. At first glance, Tom is the hero. He tells all the stories from beginning to end, talking about his life, his wife and his parents. But as the story unfolds, everyone is the subject of their own story: Mary, dick, Helen and so on. Each of them has their own story, told in a serious way, and together these stories make up the story that the whole novel tells. No one is clearly given more importance, so who the protagonist really is hard to define. It's easy to feel uncertain when reading these stories.
The metaphorical meaning of water is also changing. In general, the same metaphor always has the same or similar meaning, making the novel easier to understand. But in this novel, water has a different meaning. It can be a symbol of Tom's family, water is the root of their survival and development, people's life depends on water. Water can also be regarded as a symbol of history, because water is constantly washing the ground, leaving nothing behind. It is difficult to come to an exact conclusion because the reader cannot say exactly what water refers to in different scenes.
The novel is about English history. Tom himself is a history teacher in London. But in Tom's telling, the story takes place in the "north" finns, located in the "mouth of the river vousse", rather than London. In this way, the author deviates from Britain.
"The rise of the atkinson family" is the longest chapter in the book, and Tom muddles the story of a 19th-century town, blending "the history of land reclamation in the finns with that of the British empire". Through all kinds of commerce and river transportation, the town became prosperous and became the representative of Britain, just as Britain became the representative of the world power. In the end, however, the town was flooded with nothing but rubble. "The water rose, the water washed away all sorts of rumors and strange stories, and was swept aside by another stream." This is the end of the history of the finns, from prosperity to nothingness, and at the same time this movement may be Britain's future: from a powerful empire to the brink of destruction. The instability of British style is evident here.
Throughout the novel, British identity, or English style, is defined when Tom traces past experiences and stories, rather than presenting them through historically objective and effective data. Taking into account the overall narrative style, the content of the novel and various uncertainties in the story, such an identity or style is bound to be unstable. Therefore, the novel refuses to provide a traditional ending at the end, maintaining the unstable effect of English style, even the whole history, in order to give readers more possible ways of reading. This echoes what trimm has said before, that British style is achieved by tracing the key markers of English culture, which is unstable.