Fanessay分享一篇Assignment代写范文--The novel of Sunday morning，本篇文章讲述的内容是关于诗歌《星期天早晨》，可以供同学们了解下。《星期天早晨》是美国诗人华莱士·史蒂文斯著作的，这首诗运动了多重的意象与富于感官色彩的词汇，这也表达了人们对基督教的质疑，还有主张把信仰从天国转向了人间，转向自然，充分享受了人间切实存在的生活了。
"Sunday morning" is a famous poem by American poet Wallace Stevens, which USES multiple images and sensuous words to express modern people's doubts about Christianity, and advocate the conversion of faith from heaven to earth, to nature, to fully enjoy the existence of life on earth.
Wallace Stevens is one of America's most respected poets. He is an aesthetic philosopher who actively explores poetry as the highest fictional carrier combining creative imagination with objective reality. He is also recognized as an outstanding master of abstraction. His works were once neglected due to their obscurity and complicated themes, but after his death, his poems became famous and his works received increasing attention.
Wallace Stevens's 1915 "Sunday morning" is a sublime poetic meditation -- almost philosophical -- rooted in several fundamental questions: what happens after we die? Can we believe in the afterlife? If we can't, what comfort can we take from the only life we have? As World War I raged and people lived in an age when "god was dead and faith was lost," Stevens posed these questions quietly in "Sunday morning," a beautiful but difficult poem.
First, the poet takes us into a very quiet and peaceful picture. It was a Sunday morning, and while many people were at church, a woman was sitting outside in her nightgown, eating a late breakfast and enjoying the morning. If it weren't for the beauty around her, she would feel guilty about not going to church. But when she began to daydream, she had very serious thoughts about Christ's death. She imagines herself going to the tomb of Jesus in Palestine with a group of ghosts.
Then the poet asks three heavy questions. A woman's "grace" comes from herself: body, mind and mind. She wondered why, in the past, she had attributed these blessings to "dead" gods and beliefs, if any. Why should these favors be given to that brief and vague manifestation of divinity? Why not attribute them to the "comfortable sunshine" and "beautiful earth" around her? She concluded that "divinity must live within her," absorbing all the "pleasures" and "pains" of earthly experience.
Stevens evokes Jove as a representative of the gods of ancient religions. Humans should realize that their own divinity should be sufficient because it is the only thing they can ultimately rely on. If they accept that there is nothing else in the world, they can enjoy the world as it is: "the sky will be much friendlier then than it is now // without this divided and indifferent blue". These words expressed her view of divinity. She felt that divinity must be combined with humanity to be complete, and that the real joys and sorrows caused by the changes of nature were the real things belonging to her soul.
In verses 5 and 6, the woman says that although she finds satisfaction in earthly beauty, she still needs "some eternal bliss." The poet responds that eternity is not only impossible, but unnatural and undesirable. In addition, the poet USES vivid images to express the theme of "death is the mother of beauty", and impermanence is the essence of human perception of beauty. Death is not terrible. On the contrary, it is the existence of death that makes people cherish the earthly beauty more. Death prompts one to discover beauty.
In the last verse, the woman hears a voice telling her that there are no souls gathered around the tomb of Christ. Man is like an island surrounded by the sea. We are surrounded by natural creatures that live independently of us, and it is impossible for us to know their purpose or significance. So the poet denies the divinity of Jesus, and the poem ends with the poet finally evoking the transitory beauty of the world.
Stevens's poetic creation is influenced by the later symbolization, with abrupt words, rich colors and complicated and obscure themes. Therefore, his poems usually use symbolism to set off the theme. At the same time, he is good at creating great tension between abstract ideas and concrete things, so as to achieve the effect of realism.
In Judaism, Sunday is the Sabbath after god created it, representing the last day of the week. In Christianity, Christians observe Sunday morning as the time of week for worship. Christians believe that Jesus' resurrection takes place on the first day of the week. Sunday is the first day of every week. So Sunday is both the end of a time cycle and the beginning of a new one. Like the morning, it is the end of darkness and the beginning of a new day. So this poem about death is a celebration of time and the cycle of life.
The collapse of the traditional religious system has not been able to meet people's wishes in real life, so it is necessary to establish a new religious system to make people return to humanity from a spiritual height. As a kind of existence, she and her mind are the reflection of irrational consciousness in the modern world of moral decay, shaken faith and loneliness and depression. So she and her thoughts lead the reader to think, to rebuild a new faith, to move from divinity to humanity, to save the world from spiritual emptiness. In reality, lost order and belief can be reproduced in art. According to Stevens, the poet's responsibility is to take on his mission in real life and try to create the poetry that people need.
Stevens used the aesthetic imagination in the chaotic world order. In the oppressive atmosphere of the time, Stevens's optimism about human power is enlightening and pleasurable. In this poem, the poet finds joy, energy and hope in the wings of imagination, and shows his confidence in building order and meaning out of chaos.
Living in the modern wilderness of alienation of human nature, loss of faith and moral decay, Stevens deeply felt the historical mission of the poet and the importance of poetic art. He tried to find a way for spiritual and material harmony in the chaotic modern world.
For example, the second section contains the core issues of meditation. "Why should she give her reward to the dead? What is divinity, if only in silent shadows and dreams? / in... Something to cherish like heaven "? These questions reexamine Stevens's philosophy of heaven. Thus divinity is the agent, creation, and projection of the self. The poem says, "divinity must live within her own heart," and the examples and statements that follow reveal the divinity Stevens envisions. These examples are the sensuous aspects of the poet, feeling and perception, not objects or things. Divinity is thought to be both in the human heart and made up of feelings in memory.
Every human experience and value is in time, which is more valuable than never changing. Human perception of beauty requires recognizing that everything is temporary. Everyone dies, everything changes; Eternity must be seen as an illusion. Christianity, or Judaism, or any religion that promises eternity, is wrong, because it envisages a heaven just like our earth, no different, except that it lacks the inner changes of earth's life and environment.
It should also be emphasized that Stevens has a clear understanding and insistence on the connection between poetry and religious belief.
Stevens used religion and art as a product of his imagination. Stevens declared that "god is dead" and believed that for the poet, the mission of the artist is to build a bridge between the imaginary world and the real world. He presents to the reader a new, perceivable and real world, which verifies the beauty of imagination and reality. This beauty depends on the eyes that perceive it. As we can see, Stevens lives in a fairy tale world where reality and imagination are interdependent.
In the age of cruel reality without religious belief, people should turn reality into heaven with the help of imagination in poetry. The poet's duty is to provide all happiness that religion can provide with the rhythm and style of poetry. What Mr Stevens hopes to achieve is "beyond faith". He is a skeptical poet, writing in a skeptical era, but always to get rid of the shackles of skepticism, from the poverty and sadness of life for the purpose. Through his own efforts, Stevens tries to find the real value of literature and art in the complicated modern world, so as to overcome the spiritual poverty and credit crisis. In the complicated modern life, enjoying the imagination in poetry, such as experiencing beauty, can give people satisfaction, order and aesthetics. As a poet, Stevens was a philosopher; as a philosopher, he is a poet.
Stevens is considered a thoroughly modern poet because he has withstood the temptations of divinity and risen above the crisis of faith. Stevens deals with faith at its sharpest and most insistent in "Sunday morning." In "death is the mother of beauty", "death" symbolizes the dissolution of god, and beauty is a form of aesthetic redemption. In other words, the consciousness of death is the main gestator of secular and redemptive aesthetics. Although the gods are dead, the will of faith lives on, and life continues to demand some kind of supreme approval.
For the protagonist at the beginning of the poem, "religion" means responsibility and sacrifice. Go to church, go to Palestine, where Jesus is buried, offer your oranges and cockatoos to god. But this view seems rather naive. In the middle of the poem, the poet suggests that religion is a myth derived from the human imagination, filling our hidden needs. Poets took the pagan view, they celebrated every moment, viewing death and change as natural processes. At the end of the poem, women no longer believe in supernatural powers, and the poet imagines a world where one is alone in nature.
Stevens, like Yeats and Eliot, is widely regarded as a modernist successor to the romantic tradition, and his poetry reflects to some extent the nature and meaning of romanticism. He reflects on the nature of poetry in a self-conscious philosophical way.
The woman in Sunday morning is torn between two views. Can she live in the moment and know when to give up the good things in the world? Or should she believe in Christian ideas of sacrifice and duty, hoping that they will help her find happiness outside the physical and natural world? In the last verse, she seems to choose to worship nature over the supernatural.
It's easy to talk about "nature" as if it were a simple thing. But in this poem, nature contains a lot of things. For the heroine, it is a potential source of paradise and beauty. But nature also includes the forces of death and change, which can pull the blanket from under you when you are happiest. In the last section, nature is a "chaos" that surrounds us like an ocean around an island, and we don't know how much we understand anything in nature.
In the phenomenological poetry of Wallace Stevens, nature and human response to nature are inseparable components of a single experience of a "world", and it is the sense of the world that makes it "things".
Stevens's view of poetic mythology is an important part of the transformation of spiritual perspective from transcending religion to humanism re-imagination and also an important part of the harmonious balance between orderly imagination and non-deformed natural order.
Stevens's lifelong conviction that poetry and poets must replace religion and priests in providing form and meaning to human life is implicit in "Sunday morning" rather than explicit in his later poems. "Sunday morning," however, did clear the way for these poems, establishing the basic themes that Stevens would adopt in all his later works. The poem does not mean that religious sentiment must be suppressed, but that it must find a more suitable outlet. This new form appears in section 7, which is the worship of nature and the overall connection between man and the rest of the natural world. The men in this picture, dancing in a carnival, celebrating that the sun is the natural source of life, with them, they are singing tunes made up of the things of the world around them. Sunday morning is an exploration of the position that religiosity should be replaced by a full life. The woman's enjoyment of her "dressing-gown complacency" is interrupted by her meditations on death and religion, which remind her that the pleasant details of the moment are ephemeral. Then another voice asked, "why did she give her reward to the dead?" "No divinity is worth it if it comes", only in silent shadows and dreams. "A man should worship where he lives: within and as a part of nature. Women should accept their divinity as part and reflection of nature. Finally, the woman heard a voice telling her that there were no souls gathered around the tomb of Christ. The poet summed up the poem for the reader. Without a real concept of god or heaven, the world looks like chaos. We are alone, but we have freedom. Man is like an island surrounded by the sea. We are surrounded by natural creatures that live independently of us, and it is impossible for us to know their purpose or significance.