Fanessay分享一篇Assignment代写范文--The student-based education，本篇文章讨论的内容是关于生本教育方面的，可以供大家了解下。对于生本教育的核心，是指教育中必须一切为了学生，尊重学生，全面依靠学生。生本教育在中小学的教育领域中也有了一定的作用了。在大学教育领域里，以已具备独立思考能力和独立学习能力的额大学生作为教育对象，但仍以教师为主体。
Student-oriented education was first proposed by professor guo sile from guangdong institute of educational sciences, whose core meaning is "in education, we must do everything for students, respect them highly and rely on them comprehensively". Its feature is to restore the original position of teachers and students in education, and strive to adhere to student-oriented, life-oriented, reflecting the real nature and law of education, so that students can learn happily and grow happily.
On the contrary, the traditional education mode in China can be regarded as a kind of "teacher-based education", which takes teachers as the main body and ignores the individual development of students. Its classroom teaching mode is mainly lecture-based teaching and takes achievement as the most direct and important evaluation basis, which distorts the essence of education and thus tends to produce various educational problems.
The student-centered education breaks the traditional education mode, and emphasizes that the center of the classroom should be students rather than teachers, who are the helper of students in the learning process, as well as the guidance of the formation and development of their values, world outlook and outlook on life. Therefore, students can really change from receptive learning to autonomous learning. On this basis, student-based education can develop students' various abilities and improve their comprehensive quality, which is conducive to cultivating lifelong learning talents and meeting the requirements of social development.
Guided by this concept, researchers have conducted experiments in more than 100 primary and secondary schools, vocational secondary schools and kindergartens in China, Hong Kong, Macao and other places since 1999, and achieved remarkable results. In particular, the student-based education system in primary and junior middle schools has taken shape to a certain extent. Now the idea of student orientation is creeping into high school education. College education must also be based on students. However, research and practice in this area are still lacking.
College education has not been completely covered by the concept of student-based education, but the college classroom itself is a place in great need of the concept of student-based education. College students are a group of people with independent thinking ability, independent learning ability, and in the near future will enter the society to live and work independently. These characteristics of college students determine the necessity of implementing the concept of student-oriented education in college education. Its role and significance are as follows:
The "student-oriented" educational thought can guide the teaching work of psychology and help teachers to reflect on the existing curriculum content, so as to further design the classroom teaching content in line with students' interests and current level.
Let psychology students in the "life-oriented" classroom atmosphere more use of their own basic psychological knowledge, play the initiative, stimulate their thirst for knowledge, improve learning ability.
In the philosophy of student-centered education, providing students with problem situations stimulates them to think. If the questions asked are close to the real situation, they can help psychology students to understand more deeply the connection between the knowledge in the book and the real situation. Thinking about real problems can exercise their ability to solve problems.
Having students present their ideas several times will help them improve their ability of organization, communication, operation, oral expression and logical thinking.
This research aims at undergraduates of psychology. In this group of students, it tries to combine the concept of student-based education to carry out theoretical exploration supplemented by preliminary practice. The existing application scope of the concept of student-oriented education proposed by professor guo sile is limited to primary and secondary schools and has not been applied in universities. So in college students, especially undergraduates in psychology, is the concept of student-based education applicable? If so, what is the rationale?
Jaspers once said, "education is the education of the human soul, not the accumulation of irrational knowledge." This tells us that the so-called education is not only to teach students how much knowledge, but to change students' inner ability. As Einstein said, "when you have forgotten all your education, what remains is education." When we forget theoretical knowledge, we are left with only spiritual things, which guide our future life and work, and guide our life.
Therefore, how to apply the concept of student-based education in college education is a big problem in itself. We can explore the possibility of combining college education with the concept of student-based education from two basic aspects.
Combine the original knowledge with the actual situation and needs in class. College students need to learn a strong skill to really benefit in the future job market. To achieve this, it is not enough to rely only on learning and memorizing knowledge points in textbooks. However, the knowledge points in these textbooks are derived from the theoretical exploration and practical experience of predecessors, so these things must have their value. So, the key question is how to restore the essence of these books to their original form, which is probably something that we should think about as teachers. This requires teachers to be very familiar with the courses taught, but also to timely grasp the application of the subject update, follow up the pace of social development, to find its best combination with classroom teaching.
Try to adopt a more flexible teaching mode, combining teacher's teaching with students' discussion and lecture. Changes in teaching content will lead to changes in teaching methods. If this part of knowledge into practice is added in the classroom, it will strengthen students' motivation to apply what they have learned and improve their thinking enthusiasm. Teachers should provide students with more opportunities for discussion and presentation, display their thoughts and ideas, promote exchanges and interactions among students, and make the classroom atmosphere close to a brainstorming meeting. During the discussion, the teacher should remain planning, guiding and managing.
The goal of undergraduate education in applied psychology is to cultivate applied and compound psychological talents who can meet the practical needs of market economy, have the ability to use psychological knowledge to solve practical problems, and be competent for professional work in the fields of education, consultation, research and management. The realization of this goal depends on the practical effect of teaching. Application-oriented talents must constantly analyze and solve problems in the process of education, so as to exercise practical ability. Therefore, it is necessary to reform the undergraduate teaching of applied psychology according to the concept of student-based education, and focus on solving the following problems:
How to add some teaching contents that are combined with practice and in line with students' interests, but also focus on the course content is the most important thing. After teaching relevant theoretical knowledge to students in class, teachers need to turn their attention to guide students to conduct further analysis and transformation of these theoretical knowledge, combine them with their own experience, and deepen students' understanding. Furthermore, they need to be provided with some problem situations, in which students analyze and discuss practical problems through thinking, combining with some knowledge content learned before or even before, so as to promote their in-depth understanding of knowledge and cultivate their habit of positive thinking. The grasp of this part of the content depends on teachers in teaching work constantly summarize experience and lessons, actively communicate with other teachers, and good at using various resources to constantly collect new information to improve these methods.
Since the content of teaching has been strengthened, in order to better mobilize students' learning enthusiasm, it is necessary to give corresponding feedback to students' performance in this part of the content when evaluating students. In the past, students were assessed in the form of final examination plus ordinary scores. In most cases, the final examination is closely around the textbook content, and students should mainly rely on memory to recite the exam. However, most of the daily scores are mainly based on attendance, homework and other items. Although there will be extra points for classroom performance, it only plays a role of icing on the cake and does not account for a large proportion. However, if we take the idea of student-oriented education, students' performance in class should be a very important evaluation content in the process of their cultivation. Students' performance in class discussion and lecture can fully show their real thinking ability, expression ability, organization ability and even cooperation consciousness. Evaluating these aspects allows students to gradually learn how to adjust their behavior and where to direct their efforts. Therefore, teachers need to consider how to adjust the evaluation method appropriately and increase the corresponding scores of students' classroom performance.
It is necessary for teachers to create an equal and harmonious classroom atmosphere for students to participate in the discussion and lecture. Most students used to listen to the teacher, they may remain silent, only a few students are more active. Adding students to the discussion and presentation section means that students have to participate in the discussion, and how to encourage them to complete this class task is a difficult problem. First of all, this part should be given a certain amount of time, so that they have the opportunity to have a full discussion, learn to observe the performance of others, let the students gradually into the role, and prepare their own speech, and then it can be fully displayed. This can give every student something to learn and understand. What needs to be paid special attention to is that teachers should treat every student equally, can not discriminate against the underachievers, can not favor the top students, so as to allow students to express their views, learn from the strengths of all, common progress.
In addition to completing the existing course content, students should also put some energy into the preparation and summary of the course content. Today, with the highly developed information, college students are not satisfied with knowing the content of textbooks, they originally hope to expand their knowledge and broaden their horizon, and they have enough ability to collect relevant information. Therefore, if you want to arouse the enthusiasm of them, the teacher may will be related to the class discussion and presentation link content as assignments to students before class, let them to more fully prepared, and after the discussion, students are required to review and summary to the whole process, in addition to the content on the level of knowledge, more want to reflect on their own ability level, supervise the students self-management, self-improvement.