今天Fanessay分享一篇essay范文--About the film soundtrack，本篇文章讨论的是电影配乐方面的，可以供同学们了解下。电影配乐是电影作品中出现的主题音乐，是起到配合情节发展与场景的情绪的作用，这对于一部电影的呈现是有很大的作用的。例如电影开始前的配乐是可以形成仪式感，营造整体的气氛，有些还能暗示环境、阶级、种族团体或者是任务的内心情感，有些是能代表角色的个性或是某个人物形成直接的关联。电影配乐是个比较大的概念，所以可以用与电影本身的配合方式去划分。一种是尽力融入电影结构里的，一种是可以让人强烈感受到，尽量突出。只要是能和电影本身相辅相成，进行巧妙配合的就是好的配乐。
Film score refers to the theme music appearing in the film works, which generally plays the role of matching the plot development and the mood of the scene. The production methods include musical instrument, vocal music, orchestra or electronic music. It plays many roles in the presentation of a film -- for example, the music before the film starts can form a sense of ritual and create an overall atmosphere.
Film score is a relatively large concept, so it can be divided into two ways with the film itself. One is to try to integrate into the structure of the film, one is to make people feel strongly, as prominent as possible. In fact, as long as it can complement the film itself, with clever coordination is a good soundtrack. And the film score is how to cooperate with the picture and plot, and make the film show a better effect.
Dunkirk is a war mystery film directed by Christopher Nolan and scored by Hans zimmer. The story is adapted from the famous military event of world war ii, "Dunkirk retreat", which tells the story of 400,000 British and French troops surrounded by the enemy on the beach of Dunkirk, facing the enemy's approaching desperate situation, had to fight for their own fate. In fact, Dunkirk is not a popcorn movie that can be watched in a movie theater, because it USES visual and auditory stimulation to make the audience anxious and panic together. Therefore, the public's evaluation of this movie is polarized.
Hans zimmer, who scored the soundtrack for the film Dunkirk, is known as the "voice of Hollywood blockbuster soundtrack". He shows his impressive personal style in the combination of electronic synthesizer and traditional instrumental music, and his unique music form has become popular. The way he often USES is to integrate the gorgeous rhythm of electronic music with the majestic momentum of symphony, forming the grand sound texture and promoting the development of the plot. "Dunkirk," his score, won Academy Awards, including "best sound editing" and "best sound effects."
The sounds in the film can be divided into three categories: sound effects, music and dialogue, which can be used alone or combined in any way. Music consists of sound, whose elements include loudness, pitch and timbre, while music's three elements are rhythm, melody and harmony. The score of Dunkirk combines electronic music with symphony, and its use of sound elements is crucial. The film reflects a variety of methods of the composition of tone, volume and timbre.
The film starts with a few British soldiers surviving in a war zone, wandering through a street full of air-dropped leaflets, and then starts with the ticking of a clock as the soldiers begin to flee in a panic as the enemy fires. Tick-tock is a sound material often used in Nolan's films. It is a powerful tool for masters of music to create tension. This unique sound effect is one of the characteristics of this film. The random heart beating sound and stopwatch sound almost run through the whole film. This sound effect conveys the urgency of the evacuation time, which makes the tense atmosphere of the film more prominent.
Compared to the theme tune, "Dunkirk" soundtrack more give prize is to control the rhythm of music, the rhythm is occupied position even more than the melody, as Hans zimmer himself said: "I'm interested in is how to using only two or three, and four notes, let music showed real and complete complex emotions." So in the use of music in the film is actually made up of one or two section of motivation is repeated, gradually strong, constantly expanding the number of parts to form, this technique is equivalent to "cycle" of modern electronic dance music production, the "cycle" apply to the whole movie, it is repeated and increasingly reflect the plot ups and downs, the combination of music and pictures the plot makes the whole movie more rich and vivid.
In the academic paper "on the application of three sustained sound patterns in the film Dunkirk > score", a unique music vocabulary, namely "sustained sound patterns", can be classified into three types: material superposition, sustained bass and syllable circulation. For example, in The clip of The Mole, a film soundtrack, music clip with complex rhythm density, rich sound materials and full sound is formed after repeated superposition of sound materials. The superposition of such material is actually similar to the meaning of "cycle".
There are many ways in "Dunkirk" to use pitch and fixed sound zones to create atmosphere. A high pitch, for example, creates tension; too sharp can be unnerving. A lower tone is heavy, solemn, and mysterious. So some suspense film will use one technique is to use low tones first create a mysterious, then gradually increase is a mood of anxiety, thus through the change of tone and continue to control the emotions and film, the audience has sensory feelings associated with the movie plot, let the audience have the sense more, in the sense of urgency.
In the film, when the enemy aircraft flies by and the shells are about to hit the port, the music seems to keep rising, but it never rises. On the one hand, it imitates the roaring sound of the enemy aircraft and creates an atmosphere of oppression and panic; on the other hand, it arouses the audience's senses by means of gradual acceleration, thus creating a sense of tension that makes the audience feel uneasy. The seemingly endless rise of the auditory illusion is due to hanszimmer's clever use of an auditory "magic" called "Shepard tone".
The "sheppard tone" is a composite of notes separated by octaves. As the scale rises, the treble becomes weaker, the midrange stays the same and the bass becomes stronger. Since at least two tones can be heard rising at the same time, the brain mistakenly perceives the overall pitch as rising, which together sounds like an infinitely rising scale. If the transitions between tones are continuous, they are called "shepherd - reeser slides." This eerie sound, which seems to go up, actually stays the same, and when applied to the film, creates this heightened tension that drives the story forward. In fact, Nolan likes to use this technique in his movies, such as the batmobile sound effect in "the dark knight," which creates a competitive atmosphere while providing onomatopoeia. Nolan's films often deal with the theme of time, with its twisted representations of time in space, dreams and memory, a motif that naturally has a dramatic tension that is enabled by the illusion of hearing, with the aid of subtle sound design.
Dunkirk's score is actually both lauding and controversial, with some people saying that Nolan has made a great film for Hans zimmer's music again. The controversy centers on whether the film's score is too loud and occupies too much space.
"Music is often thought of as a remedy for poor dialogue and poor performance, but some movies do the best job of matching music with dialogue," concludes movie sense. In fact, it all depends on the extent of the problem, the best music if too excessive complexity will lose the value of the film as a whole.
In my opinion, Dunkirk only creates an immersive movie-watching experience, which means that the score must have a large proportion. Different opinion is because different people have acceptance of the immersive experience, because some viewers will continue making tense music felt anxious and uncomfortable, and resist the music influence on their emotions, but some of them wouldn't have been noticed this kind of subtle influence, and in effect by the sound and the different emotions. "Dunkirk" soundtrack is a creative breakthrough, artistic quality of sound to seek to make the whole movie to glow the vitality, different also let people realize the soundtrack is no longer limited to a small supporting role, its role in gradually expanded, the music is in the form of this range greater cause the public's exploring and thinking.