今天Fanessay分享一篇assignment范文--About Les Demoiselles d'Avignon，本篇文章讨论的内容是关于《阿维尼翁的少女》，可以供同学们了解下。在19707年春天，毕加索就创作了第一部立体主义巨著《阿维尼翁的少女》，孕育了立体主义运动。《阿维尼翁的少女》在1906年首次创作，1907年完成，期间也发生了很多的变化。其中的五个裸体少女与一组静物画，这就构成了种奢华的构图结构。毕加索是有意让这幅画保持简洁，虽然是有很多彩绘的脸凹面，但是它们是不深也不凸。《阿维尼翁的少女》是个独立的绘画结构，不是关于外部世界的，注意的是自己的形状与颜色。
A series of changes took place in French paintings at the beginning of the 20th century: In the fall of 1905 Salon exhibited the works of the Fauvism, while at the Cezanne Museum of Fine Arts in 1906 and in an exhibition commemorating the death of the master, Picasso and a large number of young explorers full of exploration had decisive influence on Cubism. In this article, the focus is on understanding Les Demoiselles d'Avignon in Cubist way.
In the spring of 1907, Picasso created the epic Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, the very first Cubist work. The motivation behind the painting was that when Picasso visited Castellanese Museum, he was inspired by the concise, weird and harsh form of African native art by chance, especially black carving, which inspired him to start his "Black art period" of creation, meanwhile, Cezanne’s post-made pieces as in "bathing" female nude also gave him a specific inspiration.There is no uniform composition in Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, the color is stiff and the almost weird female figures are seemed have no sense whatsoever. As the result of Pablo Picasso's exploration of the Iberian and African black carvings in which the girls are transformed, the painting was an attempt to combine the geometrically shaped persona with the geometry, the painting showed the spatial sense, which declared one of the modern paintings New Direction - Cubism was born. As incredible as it is, this magnificent grand oil painting achieved a mark that is seen as a turning point in Picasso's art, moreover, it made such a revolutionary significant breakthrough in modern Western art, nonetheless, it has a myth stature as a start where cubism was engendered, alongside the rest of modern art. (David, 2013)It has given birth to the Cubist movement.
First made in 1906 and completed in 1907, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon has been through many changes in between. There are five nude girls and a group of still life pictures in a lavish structure of composition, yet the original idea of the which was to use allegory of venereal disease with the title of "remuneration for sin," which is clear from the original sketches.
In the sketch there is a man holding a skull reminiscent of a Spanish ancient moral motto: Everything is empty. " However, during the formal painting process, the anecdotal or moral details（allegory ) were removed. Its ultimate power isn’t out of any verbal descriptive form, but from a attractive power of its, that is, pictorial language: The other three naked women at the other side of the sight are clearly are in deformation in a rigid level of the normal human body. The rough, abnormal faces and postures of the other two naked women on the right are full of wildness from African carvings. Fauvism painters found initial charms of African and Oceanian carvings, then inlightened them to Picasso. Picasso, eclectic, versatile, multifaceted, facile, changeable as a chameleon as he was, rather than those Fauvism painters, he “destroyed” the classical aesthetic with primitive art. （M. Therese，2003)
Looking at the painting, we can observe both the ratio and organic in terms of integrity and continuity in human body, which was denied. Thus, according to some, this painting "just like a broken glass." Here, moreover, except Picasso diminished many stuff, what did he gain during the destruction? As I recovered from the first sight of the painting, I began to discover that the “damage” was quite comparably well steetled: All things, from the image to the background, were broke down into angular geometric chunks. I noticed these fragments are not plain and they have some three-dimensional feeling due to the shadowing. Not knowing whether they are concave or convex; they look like solid blocks, others like transparent fragments. These unusual blocks made the picture has integrity.
I can see a new way of three-dimensional space being expressed with a form of two-dimensional plane. I see two faces in the center that have rather positive face, but the noses have been painted sideways. The left side of the painting has eyes that are also considered positive. Various angles of views which are combined in one. This so-called "simultaneous video" language is more obviously used on the squatting image to the right of the painting. The three-fourths back of the image, detached from the middle axis on the spine due to its decomposition and spiliting. Both legs and arms were visually elongated, indicating an extension in-depths; and their heads were also screwed up, directly facing people. Picasso was seemed to be twisting angle of the image around 180 degrees, only to integrate the various angles of the image to form in one. This method of painting completely shattered the restrictions imposed on the painter by the law of perspective for the five hundred years since the beginning of the Italian Renaissance.
Picasso kept the picture plain on purpose. Although many of the painted faces have concavity, they are neither deep nor convex. The picture shows the space is actually very shallow. Picasso deliberately removed a certain distance in between the painted girls and the backgrounds, he tried to show all the parts of the sight on one platform. Looking closer to those blue blocks on the right background, the painter's ingenuity can be proved. Blue, are visually has a look that’s called receding. Picasso, with the purpose of eliminating this effect, put blue blocks connected on dazzling white edges, so they are seemed desperately forward.
In all, "Avignon girl" is an independent painting structure, it is not about the external world. What it cared for was its own shape and colors. It was born out of the monumental works of Cezanne depicting bathing girls, established a purely pictorial structure in a certain order different from natural order.